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Yajna has inherent property to clean the atmosphere.Air flow from Yajna tree are full of medicinal properties which improve our health.The Roots of Yajna tree liberate a special medicinal enriched water which purifies the water reservoir and river and well.oxygen percentage is depleting now a days,due to pollution we are inhaling poisonous gases that deteriorate our health disturbing body metabolism turn multiple problems mental and physical Yajna country Dhoop, Havan material availability is to be maintained so Yajna tree are planted .
Yagya plants is ayurvedic medical plant. The purified air passing through these plants have various medicinal benefits which gives us good health benefits. Water passed through the roots of these plants has also medicinal benefits. Due to polluted environment and deficiency of oxygen different types of diseases are arrising, metabolism of human body is getting disturbed and causing physical and mental diseases. Therefore plantation of Yagya Plant is necessary. There are 700 types of plants in Yagya Plants list.
Some list of trees:
In the country of Yagya (Yagiya Desh) Dhoop Havan Agnihotra samagri availibility is most essential, because we use this samagri everyday. For defficiency of these samagri, maintaining the healthy environment to grow these herbs is very essential.
Vikankat briksha (contai) – contai, rambaboor, kekar, kinkini, khanja, vikankat ! “flakortia ramoschi” Flakoriasi .
Following are the Sanskrit names of trees to make yagna patra :-
Vikankata, strubabriksho, granthilo, swadu kantkah, Sa eva yaggtrikshashcha kantaki byaghrapadapi II (bhavprakash Amradifalbarga)
Vikankata tree branches are thorny that is why it is named like this. The bark of tree is rough and black, leaves are egg shaped and sharp at the end. Flowers are green colour with yellow shade. Flowering time is holikotsav. Then a small round fruit comes. There are 8-16 seeds in each fruit. When ripe fruit becomes red. Large spoons used in yagna is made out of this wood.
Kashmarya (gambhari) (melina arboria)
It is found in Himalayas and Nilgiris, Eastern ghat Western ghat, Madhya pardesh, Bengal and Bihar. This wood is used to make yagna patra.
Gambhari bhadraparni cha sriparni Madhu parnika I
Kashmiri kashmari hira kashmayah peetorohini II
Trees are 30-60 feet tall. Width of tree is 3-6 feet. It is white and spotted and off white. Leaves are like pipal tree. Flowers are yellow and fruits are like moulasiri. It flowers in spring and bear fruit in summer.
Arani Briksha :-
Agethu, Arani, taker, urina, ganiyar, ganiyari wakar, Pregna Intigrifolia, Pregna latifaliya Pregna 1 mukronta, chlinidendrou, Chloredendrom Denoldi. According to scientist this belongs to the family of barbines. It can ignite fire that is why it is called “Agnimantha” in Sanskrit. Old name is Ballimantha, Tejomantha, Analmantha, etc. in Sanskrit it is synonymous to-
Agnimantha joyah sasyat sripirna ganikarika I
Jay jayanti tarkai nadeyi vaijayantika. (Bhavprakash)
Agar (Aquiaria Agallocha)-
It is of four types- 1)Krishaguru, 2)Kashthaguru, 3)Dahaguru, 4) Mangalyaguru, Dahaguru is found in Gujrat and mangalayaguru Kedarnath. Mangalayaguru is the best, Agar wood are of different shape.
Am (Magnifera indica) mango-
In India we find mango trees every where. The trees are very big, red juice come out of bark. Leaves are smooth and 10-12 inch long. Flowers are like sprout of white and yellow colour. It flowers in spring season. Dry woods are used for havan and also furnitures are made of it.
Indra jou (Holarrahena Antidysesentria)
Indra jou is seed of kutaja tree. kutaja is of two varieties-1)punkutaja 2)strikutaja
Punkutaja variety bears big fruit, trunk and bark is white and flower white. Strikutaja bears smaller fruit, trunk and is bark is black, flowers are black colour. Punkutaja is shwet indrajon and strikutaja is Krishna indrajon. Shwet indrajou seeds are like cinnamon colour and bitter krishnajou seeds are black and sweet and flowers are big and aromatic. Seeds of kutaja tree is called indrajou because it lookes like jou (barley) seeds. Seeds are covered by soft cotton like fiber. Flowers in rainy season.
Khair-(acacia atechu)- Khair trees are usually found in Coochbihar, Nainital and Nepal. Leaves are like babool. Trunk fat, bark is rough branches are thorny, thorns are crooned in shape Flowering season summer end and beginning of rainy season. It is known as “Kathha” commonly. It is used in pan.
Guggal (Balsamo Dendron Rxbekghie):
Guggal trees are found in India, Arab and African countries. Gum of guggal tree is known as guggal. In India it is found in Rajasthan, Assam, Bengal.
Guggal is of five varieties:-
Guggal whose colour is like kajal or bumblebee is Mahisaksha, Mahaneel is blue colour, Kumud guggal is of the colour of kumud. Padam guggal shines like manikya and hiranyaksha guggal colour is golden.
In winter the trunk is cut and guggal collected. It is collected in the land around the tree hence lots of stone etc is found in guggal. Its leaves are like neem tree small and pointed. Flower red and has five petals. Fruits are small. Fruits are called googlia.
Gular (vicus glomerata) – It’s tree is very big, trunk is big, bark white and green. If cut a milk type juice comes out, leaves are small and soft flowers are not seen flowering and fruit bearing season is summer season. Ripe fruit is red and before that it is green. Taste is sweet. There are lots of worms inside the fruit. It is called “janta flower” when cut it looks milk white but becomes yellow after exposure.
Shwet chandan (santalum album) – It is found in profuse in Mysore state. Chandan trees have several branches. Bark is rough; leaves are broad and narrow at the end. Flower are many but small size. In the beginning it is light yellow and gradually become purple colour. There is no aroma in its leave, flower or bark. Fruits are round, smooth and black colour. Previously chandan tree were cut but now it is not cut and processed as scent, oil etc and used for commercial purpose. Chandan wood is exported to Europe, America and other foreign countries. Mysore state has all the system of extracting oil from chandan tree. Chandan oil is light yellow in colour.
Shwet chandan is of five varieties:-
Processing is done according to the variety. Malayachal chandan is known as Malayaya or Bhadrasri. Shwet chandan hence is according to the place where it is grown and when it is cut.
Peet chandan (santalum flonum) – It is known as peela chandan. Its leaves, flower, seeds, wood all resemble white chandan. The wood is yellowish in nature. It is also grown in Malayachal parbat and termed as “kalayottha peetkastha” by Dhanwantari. Actually best quality shwet chandan is peet chandan. It is extremely aromatic.
Rakta chandan (Ptero carpus Santalum) – Rakta chandan trees are very high and big and branches spread in all the direction. Leaves are like til leaves and there are 2-3 inches abrus in it. It is called probal phal. Wood is red colour and aromatic. But what usually we get as rakta chandan is a different wood. Dhanwantari calls it ‘kuchandan” which is rajnighantuk patang.
Chirounji :- (Buchania Latrifolia)
Chirounji trees are found in South and Northern mountain area. Trunk is fat, straight and high, leaves are 8-10 inches long and4-5 inches broad. They are hard, beautiful and strong. Leaves are rough in the front and smooth in the back. Flower bloom at the end of the branches. Flower is very small without any aroma and yellow and too many in number. Fruits when ripe become black and cover of the seed is hard like almond.
Jaiphal (Myristica Officinalis):-
The trunk is straight. Branches are after equal distance and stoops towards the ground. It looks very beautiful. Leaves are aromatic. Flower is very small, without aroma, yellow and too many in numbers. Fruit is round like an egg of chicken, smooth and yellow.
Fruit has three layers:-
Cover of the fruit.
Cover of the seed.
Cover of the fruit – Fleshy it is yellow when ripe when ripe the cover cracks.
Javitri – After it cracks red colour flesh is seen which covers the seed
– When dried the seed comes out easily.
Vijabaran – The cover of seed is hard. If we break the cover jaifal is inside.
(Mystyrica Fragranse) Javitri – The skin of jaiphal is javitri.
Jingini (odina wodier) – Jingini tree is found in forests. It is very big and high. Leaves are like semal leaves but thins and smooth. This tree does not have any thorns and flowers are white. Flowering time is summer. Fruits are round and oval also.
Talis patra (Abies webbiana lindl) – Talis patra trees are very big and high. It is ever green. It is found in Punjab in the bank of Sindhu river upto Bhutan and in certain states of Himalayas. Talis patra is fed to animals. Its leaves are scattered and tastes bitter.
Tinish (Qugeinia Dalbargia Oides) – Trees are big in size. Look like babool.
Tun (Meliaceae) – Tun trees are very big. Leaves resemble neem, small flower is bunches and white. Seed is also in bunches, wood is good and of red colour and light.
Tejpat (Sinnaonum Tamala) – Tejpat is found is Northern India. Leaves are long and with lines. Leaves have aroma. Land with stone in which lime and carbon is ample is good for this tree.
Dalchini (Cinnamon Cartex) – Its leaves are like tobacco leaves. At the end of the tree there is white colour flower. Flower has fragrance like rose. Fruits are white and red from which oil is extracted. Dalchini of Srilanka is very famous. It’s bark is known as dalchini. Another variety is known as taj. Its bark is thick and its less aromatic.
Devdaru (Cedrus Deodara) – Devdaru trees are very high and big. Its trunk is 4 feet broad is straight and round. Its branches stoop towards the earth’s. Flowers are in bunches. Its wood is very strong and is used for making doors windows and beams. It is very aromatic.
There are two varieties – aromatic and wood. Aromatic devdaru is smooth but wood devdaru’s leaves are used in auspicious occasions. There are large forests of devdaru. Aromatic devdaru is only found is Himalayas.
Dhoop saral (Pinus Longifolia) – It is found in mountains and multiple branch trees. Leaves are like palash round in shape. Flower is oder less and white. Its wood is like chandan and yellow from inside. It is known as dhoop or haldu. It is a variety of Devdaru. One sticky alkatra type material is extracted from is. It is found in Almorer and Nainital and Nepal border.
Bel (Eagaeman Melang) – Bel trees are very big in size. Trunk is very big and rough. It’s branches have big thorns. One twig has three leaves. Twigs are one and two inch long. Leaves are green and dry. At the end flower comes and in it bed fruits come. Fruits are of 100 gm to 2⅟2 kg. The cover of fruits is hard and flesh is yellow. Its juice (sherbet) is very tasty and good for stomach problem. It’s considered to be very holy tree. Its leaves are used for shivpjan and wood is very sacred.
Bharangi (Clerodendron Seratum) – These trees are found in forests. It has less branches. Its leaves are like mahua leaves and grows step by step. Inside the leaves is dark green colour and rear part is wavy and green. The turgs are small. Flowers are round and white. Fruit is beautiful, colored and divided into join part inside. Every part has a seed. Its leaves stoops towards roots. Its leaves are used as vegetable. It is found in Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh forests and plateaus in large number.
Tagar (Valeriana Hardwick) – It belongs to the family of Sugandhi. It’s woods are black colour and are of two varieties (1) Nandi tagar (2) Pindi tagar. It is found in mountains. It’s leaves are like Kaner. Small five petal yellow flowers. Both the varieties are equally beautiful and is useful.